How long have you been trying to get a guide that talks about poultry farming for beginners?
Yea, yea! I have been there too.
That’s why I have written this detailed guide to teach you how to start a profitable poultry farming business.
Just a minute!
Let me try to guess who you are in one of these three sentences below.
- You are a beginner in poultry farming business
- Some time ago, you bought a few birds to rear, but most of them died.
- Thirdly, you are looking for a profitable agro-business venture to invest in.
It really doesn’t matter which sentence best describes you, what matters is that you have found the right information that will help you in your poultry business.
Let’s dive in immediately!
It’s not a new saying that the poultry farming business is a very lucrative agribusiness.
With the information you will get in this poultry farming guide for beginners, you will be well on your way to starting a profitable poultry farming business in Nigeria.
Oh! One more thing…
I have included a poultry farming video at the end of this article.
Make sure you watch the video till the end as it holds a lot of vital information for you.
What is Poultry Farming?
Poultry farming refers to the raising of various types of domestic birds commercially for the purpose of producing meat, eggs, and feathers.
In this poultry farming for beginners guide, our focus will be on fowl, but we all know it as Chicken.
I know you are probably asking, why choose chicken farming?
Chicken is the most common type of poultry in the world.
They are relatively cheaper and easy to raise in comparison to livestock like cattle or pigs.
As a result, chickens have become prevalent throughout the cuisine of cultures around the world.
Chicken meat and eggs are among the major source of animal protein many people consume besides snail, pork, beef, and fish.
Is poultry farming profitable?
Poultry farming is a very profitable agribusiness.
But you need to know how to manage a poultry farm very well to succeed in this business.
Also, you need to pay attention to the marketing and sales aspect of your business.
It is the desire of every poultry farmer is to make good sales after every harvest.
Many families who go into poultry farming do so at a small scale to fulfil the animal nutrition demand for their homes.
However, large scale or commercial scale poultry farming offers an opportunity for poultry farmers to earn a large amount of money.
If you can run it properly under acceptable methods and conditions conducive for the birds, you will find that poultry farming is a highly profitable business.
Poultry Farming For Beginners
Over time, I have received several questions regarding the issue of starting a poultry farming business.
My answer has always been the same, “you can’t learn everything about poultry farming in one day.”
Each type of farming business follows specific operational principles for making a good profit.
When such principles are not carefully followed by the farm management, it results in serious losses for the owners.
Basic necessities before starting a poultry farm?
Whether chicken meat production, egg production, or a combination of the two, you must understand the principles of running a profitable poultry farming business.
So before starting, it is wise to learn some more about the business or intern under a poultry farmer.
Take some time to investigate why many poultry farmers make good profits from poultry farming while many others fail.
Many poultry farmers, especially beginners, are no longer in business because they could not operate their poultry farm properly, thus they lose money.
This is very bad for business.
As a poultry farmer, you must have a poultry business plan that will guide your business.
You have to do everything timely and perfectly according to a plan.
Writing a poultry business plan is an advanced-level study.
Let’s focus on discussing poultry farming for beginners.
A successful poultry farming business involves a lot of work so it takes passion to pull through.
But, it is easy when you make your passion hobby, take the pressure off, and have fun.
How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria
Before starting out a poultry farming business in Nigeria, you need to first go through the steps below.
1. Learn poultry farming from the nearest poultry farm:
Many people who rush to start making a profit from poultry farming after hearing about the business often regret it afterward.
Poultry farming is a very delicate business and only those who understand the rules succeed.
Breeding day old chicks, for instance, is not something you can be careless about lest the entire chicks die before you wake up from your slumber.
So, the first thing you do after deciding to go into the business is to start a training course on how to breed chicks.
There are several agencies that teach courses on how to succeed in poultry farming.
Preferably, you can enrol or consult a farmer nearest to you, pay a token fee, and he/she will put you through.
The reason for getting training on poultry farming is to learn the technicalities in the handling of day-old chicks.
2. Decide the chicken products to focus on:
There are many business areas to invest in when considering poultry farming business;
1. Broiler chicken for meat
2. Layers chicken for egg production.
3. Running a hatchery
4. Poultry feed production
5. Produce poultry farming equipment
6. Chicken processing
Whichever niche you decide to go into, your scale of operation will depend on the amount of money you have.
It also depends on how much you can access from financial institutions before you finally break even in the business.
So if your investment runs into millions of Naira, you can begin by acquiring a plot of land and putting up a structure deemed appropriate for the business.
But for the sake of starting small, producing broiler chicken or focusing on egg production is less expensive.
It still depends on the scale of production though.
You must consult an expert in this area if you do not want to lose money.